Wali Deccani, also known as Vali Gujarati, is considered the Chaucer of Urdu poetry. Wali was born in 1667 in Aurangabad. He travelled far and wide across the country.
Wali Dakni wrote over 473 ghazals apart from experimenting with other genres. Along with Ghawasi, Nishati, Vali Velori and Quli Qutub Shah, Wali Dakhani is considered a pioneer in Urdu poetry. His visit to Delhi had given boost to poetry in Urdu in North India, where Persian was still the language of poetry until then.
Read his Ghazal:
याद करना हर घड़ी उस यार का
है वजीफा मुझ दिल-ए-बीमार का
तिशना लब हूँ शरबत-ए-दीदार का
आकबत* क्या होवेगा? मालूम नहीं
दिल हुआ है मुब्तिला दिलदार का
[*On the day of judgment]
क्या कहे तारीफ़-ए-दिल है बे-नज़ीर
हर्फ़ हर्फ़ उस मखजन-ए-इसरार का
ऐ वली होना 'श्री जन' पर निसार
मुद्दा है चश्म-ए-गौहर-बार का
yaad karnaa har ghaDii us yaar kaa
hai vaziifaa mujh dil-e-biimaar kaa
tishna lab huuN sharbat-e-diidaar kaa
aaqbat* kyaa hovegaa? maaluum nahiiN
dil huaa hai mubtilaa dildaar kaa
[*Day of judgment]
kyaa kahe taariif-e-dil hai be-naziir
harf harf us makhzan-e-israar kaa
aye Wali honaa sri jan par nisaar
muddaa hai chashm-e-gauhar-baar kaa
[Alternative spellings: Vali Dakhani, Vali Deccani, Vali Dakani]
More about Wali Dakhni
Wali's tomb in Ahmedabad was razed by fanatics in the carnage in 2002. Overnight the grave was flattened and a road was constructed over it. The act brought shame to Gujarat, a region he loved and for which he wrote his famous verse.
It remains a blot on the secular character of India. Sadly, Gujarati writers and poets did precious little to get the grave reconstructed and redeem the people of Gujarat.
Wali remains one of the giants of Indian literature. His love for the country and particularly Gujarat is well-known.